Post by meltdown711 on Oct 26, 2008 1:05:08 GMT -5
On the Position of Hittite among the Indo-European Languages * E. H. Sturtevant * Language, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Mar., 1926), pp. 25-34 * Published by: Linguistic Society of America
Some selections from this:
"The centum-languages known when Brugmann wrote all lie in the western part of Indo-European terrain and the satem-languages in the eastern part, except for Albanian and Messapian, which have usually been overlooked."
two pages later:
"The Messapian of southern Italy is an ofshoot of Illyrian, and Albanian is probably descended from Illyrian. Since both Messapian and Albanian are without a trace of labialization of velars, it is probable that Venetic ke represents the regular treatment of the velars in that language. At any rate the Veneto-Illyrian language go far toward invalidating the centum-satem-hypothesis in another way. While Venetic retains palatal stops, Albanian and Messapian treat those sounds in the manner of the satem-language."
the next page:
"In a third respect the Veneto-Illyrian languages make difficulty for the hypothesis. Albanian and Messapian indicate that southern Illyrian was a satem-language, and this with thracian must have completely separated Greek from other centum-languages.
Post by meltdown711 on Oct 26, 2008 1:17:05 GMT -5
Interestingly enough, I always used to think that the Albanian word for father, At or Jat, was a diminutive of the IE pater, but it seems to actually be related to Baltic, Slavic, Hittite and Luwian forms of the said word, which in older times was "attas"
* Hittite and Areal Linguistics * Edgar H. Sturtevant * Language, Vol. 23, No. 4 (Oct. - Dec., 1947), pp. 376-382 * Published by: Linguistic Society of America