The pileus (Latin, plural, pilei) — also pilleus or pilleum — was, in Ancient Greece (where it was the pilos or pilidion) and in Rome, a brimless, felt cap, somewhat similar to a fez. The pilleolus was a smaller cap, similar to a skullcap. The pileus was especially associated with the manumission of slaves who wore it upon their liberation. It became emblematic of liberty and freedom from bondage, especially in the 18th and 19th centuries when it appeared frequently on statuary and heraldic devices and was known as a "liberty cap" or Phrygian cap.
Greece The pilos (Greek πῖλος, felt) was a common conical travelling hat in Ancient Greece. The pilos is the brimless version of the petasos. It could be made of felt or leather. Their pilos cap identifies the Dioscuri, Castor and Pollux, in sculptures, bas-reliefs and vase-paintings; their caps were already explained in Antiquity as the remnants of the egg from which they hatched. The pilos appears on votive figurines of boys at the sanctuary of the kabeiri at Thebes, the Kabeirion. In warfare, the pilos was often worn by the peltast light infantry, in conjunction with the exomis. The pilos cap was sometimes worn under the helmet by hoplites, but usually they preferred to not use a helmet along with the cap before the 5th century for reasons of mobility. The pilos helmet was made in the same shape as the original cap. It probably originated from Lakonia and was made from bronze. The pilos helmet was extensively adopted by the Spartan army in the fifth century BC and worn by them until the end of the Classical era. Rome In Ancient Rome, a slave was freed by a master in a ceremony that included placing the pileus on the former slave’s shaved head. This was a form of extra-legal manumission (the manumissio minus justa) considered less legally sound than manumission in a court of law. One 19th century dictionary of classical antiquity states: Among the Romans the cap of felt was the emblem of liberty. When a slave obtained his freedom he had his head shaved, and wore instead of his hair an undyed pileus (πίλεον λευκόν, Diodorus Siculus Exc. Leg. 22 p. 625, ed. Wess.; Plaut. Amphit. I.1.306; Persius, V.82). Hence the phrase servos ad pileum vocare is a summons to liberty, by which slaves were frequently called upon to take up arms with a promise of liberty (Liv. XXIV.32). The figure of Liberty on some of the coins of Antoninus Pius, struck A.D. 145, holds this cap in the right hand.
Odysseus wearing a pilos, an exomis and a chlamys.
Male bust with pileus and chlamys III century B.C.
Because the Turks more or less forced us Serbs & other Christian ethnicities to convert to Islam and have our women covered like this. I probably have a fairly conservative attitude towards what I find appealing in women’s appearance but this looks so unnatural, uncomfortable, unappealing and alien compared to their previous dress.
Emperor AAdmin: Sorry Rexxy, that is just a win for Swiss. Plain and simple. Where certain players origins are from ... who cares... it was all for swiss colors my friend...I am afraid noone is connecting Albanians to this game in any shape or form hahahaha
Dec 4, 2022 20:42:53 GMT -5
Rusyn: Who knows, maybe they think Switzerland is part of Albania also
Dec 5, 2022 0:52:38 GMT -5
rex362: oh the politics of football.......ok then ....dont let me find you as being hypocrites if I find/see any post of you highlighting any serbian players on any other countries sport teams
Dec 5, 2022 11:16:33 GMT -5
rex362: fricken hooligans
Dec 5, 2022 17:15:17 GMT -5
bosnett23: Pozzz svima ako imate želju da proučite više o historiji Bosne, Ilirima idr....preporučujem svakako www.bosnett.com dobar arhiv knjiga i postova. Stranica ima funkcije poput FB. L.P.
Jan 4, 2023 6:54:07 GMT -5
Rusyn: hahaha bosnia have no history.. plz get real dude
Jan 4, 2023 9:46:17 GMT -5
Pyrros: AAADmine why do let you Caucasians Cherkesian ANTI-GREEKS, ANTI-ORHTODOX ppl (Leandros Nikon) to lock threads ?
Jan 5, 2023 3:52:22 GMT -5
Pyrros: bosnett jos vise anglosaksonski lazi?
Jan 5, 2023 3:54:35 GMT -5
Emperor AAdmin: Vatra feel free to open a threat about that topic in Greece Forum and we can discuss there. Thanks.
Jan 8, 2023 6:14:59 GMT -5
Pyrros: Admine, you are a fair and cool Serb. I acknowledge that. But too many freedoms have a bad ending. It lets albs and other cherkesians (like Leandros Nikon) multiply.
Jan 8, 2023 9:08:38 GMT -5
rex362: ahahahaha.....too many freedoms ahahaha...cherk-whatever ahahahah....fair & cool serb ahahahahah...you ass kissing communist ahahahahah bad ending-for who ? you ? aahhaahhahhaaa
Jan 8, 2023 13:21:46 GMT -5
leandros nikon: pyro is funny guy of the forum.I am cherkesian?No man i am Asia minor Greek!on the other hand you are a confused Greek,mperdemenos eisai!
Jan 8, 2023 15:45:09 GMT -5
Rusyn: @leandros nikon Vatra is "fire" in Serbian, and Pyrros is Greek equvialent of that name. Also Pyrros was used to be known as Kralj Vatra in his older accounts hence Admin calls him both ways.
Jan 8, 2023 16:20:56 GMT -5