The name Epirus is derived from the Greek: Ἤπειρος, Ḗpeiros (Doric: Ἄπειρος, Ápeiros), meaning "mainland" or terra firma.It is thought to come from an Indo-European root *apero- 'coast',and was originally applied to the mainland opposite Corfu and the Ionian islands.The local name was stamped on the coinage of the unified Epirote commonwealth: ΑΠΕΙΡΩΤΑΝ (Ἀπειρωτᾶν, Āpeirōtân, Attic: Ἠπειρωτῶν, Ēpeirōtôn, i.e. "of the Epirotes", see image right). The Albanian name for the region, which derives from the Greek, is Epiri.
From Inscription to Onomasticon: the Bouthrotos Manumission Texts and LGPN (Elaine Matthews, 26 November, 1996)
Elaine Matthews, Editor of the Lexicon of Greek Personal Names, gave a seminar paper on the Bouthrotos manumission texts and LGPN. The paper had the dual aim of explaining the Lexicon's approach to documentary (mainly epigraphical) evidence, which is the greatest source of ancient Greek names, and of drawing attention to the very interesting manumission texts from Bouthrotos in ancient Epirus, modern Albania.
The Lexicon approaches documents for the particular information needed to build up the regional onomastic picture which it is the Lexicon's role to provide: primarily these are names, and the means of placing them in space and in time, though other items such as professions are also taken into account. Sometimes the information needed (a date, an ethnic) is explicitly given in the text, at others it has to be deduced from context; in either case, a knowledge of ancient practice, for example in the use of ethnics, is needed. Finally, the Lexicon must be aware of the publication history of the document, so as to provide the reader with the best route to the text. The Bouthrotos texts have proved challenging in several respects, not least in their complicated publication history. Their immediate historical background was the Third Macedonian War, at the end of which Epirus suffered the destruction of 70 oppida and the enslavement of 150,000 people. The texts are dated by a priest (of Asclepius of Zeus Soter), and by officials of the Koinon of the Prasaiboi. The Prasaiboi are a well-known group, but this Koinon, established around 163 BC, was previously unknown. The texts come mainly from two sites: the hellenistic theatre, where they are inscribed on the parodos wall and the diazoma, and the late Roman wall, where approximately 100 texts were reused to construct a tower. The theatre texts are largely published, and can most conveniently be studied in SEG XXXVIII; the tower texts are largely unpublished. All will appear in the third volume of the Corpus of the Greek inscriptions of Epirus and Southern Illyria, being prepared under the direction of Professor P. Cabanes of Nanterre University, in collaboration with Albanian colleagues. Due to the generosity of Professor Cabanes, the Lexicon has received an advance version of the Corpus, enabling it to include the names in its own Volume IIIA (to be published in September 1997).From these texts, recording over 370 acts of manumission in a mixture of civil and religious formulae, the onomastic pickings are particularly rich: over 1700 individuals, 400 of them women, manumitting over 500 slaves.
They repeatedy show the same individuals, couples, and extended family groups repeatedly manumitting slaves: one family manumits 13 times, one couple free eleven slaves in two days. The repetition offers the opportunity to study naming practices, both within the manumitting families and among the slaves. The names are firmly Greek (not Illyrian), and the slaves rarely have typical slave-names, but instead distinctly Greek names, some of them unique to Bouthrotos. A conspicuous feature is the large representation of women, who may manumit alone but may also appear at the head of a family group. (This is not surprising to those familiar with the documents of the area: a decree of the Kingdom of the Molossoi, dated 370-368 BC, grants a woman and her descendants politeia.) Another striking feature is the occurrence of over 8 ethnics, sub-units of the Prasaiboi; given the limited territory of the Prasaiboi, it is likely that some of these sub-groups were no more than a group of families, perhaps occupying one small hamlet or valley.
Chapter 56  But my own belief about it is this. If the Phoenicians did in fact carry away the sacred women and sell one in Libya and one in Hellas, then, in my opinion, the place where this woman was sold in what is now Hellas, but was formerly called Pelasgia, was Thesprotia;  and then, being a slave there, she established a shrine of Zeus under an oak that was growing there; for it was reasonable that, as she had been a handmaid of the temple of Zeus at Thebes, she would remember that temple in the land to which she had come.  After this, as soon as she understood the Greek language, she taught divination; and she said that her sister had been sold in Libya by the same Phoenicians who sold her.
In the next generation Cleisthenes1 the tyrant of Sicyon raised that house still higher, so that it grew much more famous in Hellas than it had formerly been. Cleisthenes son of Aristonymus son of Myron son of Andreas had one daughter, whose name was Agariste. He desired to wed her to the best man he could find in Hellas.  It was the time of the Olympian games, and when he was victor there with a four-horse chariot, Cleisthenes made a proclamation that whichever Greek thought himself worthy to be his son-in-law should come on the sixtieth day from then or earlier to Sicyon, and Cleisthenes would make good his promise of marriage in a year from that sixtieth day.  Then all the Greeks who were proud of themselves and their country came as suitors, and to that end Cleisthenes had them compete in running and wrestling contests:
From Italy came Smindyrides of Sybaris, son of Hippocrates, the most luxurious liver of his day (and Sybaris was then at the height of its prosperity), and Damasus of Siris, son of that Amyris who was called the Wise.  These came from Italy; from the Ionian Gulf, Amphimnestus son of Epistrophus, an Epidamnian; he was from the Ionian Gulf. From Aetolia came Males, the brother of that Titormus who surpassed all the Greeks in strength, and fled from the sight of men to the farthest parts of the Aetolian land.  From the Peloponnese came Leocedes, son of Phidon the tyrant of Argos, that Phidon who made weights and measures for the Peloponnesians1 and acted more arrogantly than any other Greek; he drove out the Elean contest-directors and held the contests at Olympia himself. This man's son now came, and Amiantus, an Arcadian from Trapezus, son of Lycurgus; and an Azenian from the town of Paeus, Laphanes, son of that Euphorion who, as the Arcadian tale relates, gave lodging to the Dioscuri, and ever since kept open house for all men; and Onomastus from Elis, son of Agaeus.  These came from the Peloponnese itself; from Athens Megacles, son of that Alcmeon who visited Croesus, and also Hippocleides son of Tisandrus, who surpassed the Athenians in wealth and looks. From Eretria, which at that time was prosperous, came Lysanias; he was the only man from Euboea. From Thessaly came a Scopad, Diactorides of Crannon; and from the Molossians, Alcon.
Quote: -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Of the rivers in the Greek world, the Achelous flows from Pindus, the Inachus from the same mountain; the Strymon, the Nestus, and the Hebrus all three from Scombrus; many rivers, too, flow from Rhodope --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Quote: -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The deluge in the time of Deucalion, for instance, took place chiefly in the Greek world and in it especially about ancient Hellas, the country about Dodona and the Achelous, a river which has often changed its course. Here the Selli dwelt and those who were formerly called Graeci and now Hellenes.
Plutarch wrote on many subjects. Most popular have always been the 46 Parallel Lives, biographies planned to be ethical examples in pairs (in each pair, one Greek figure and one similar Roman), though the last four lives are single. All are invaluable sources of our knowledge of the lives and characters of Greek and Roman statesmen, soldiers and orators.
so,each pair consists from one greek and one latin person...people who look alike if you compare their achievements...
Parallel Lives, IX, Demetrius and Antony. Pyrrhus and Gaius Marius
Pyrrhus and Gaius Marius
this guy Gaius Marius should be the latin fellow...so,what should the other guy be?
Usage: Greek Mythology (Latinized), Ancient Greek (Latinized)
Pronounced: PIR-əs (English)
From the Greek name Πύρρος (Pyrros) which meant "flame-coloured, red", related to πυρ (pyr) "fire". This was another name of Neoptolemus the son of Achilles. This was also the name of a 3rd-century BC king of Epirus.
This made Pyrrhus use greater caution, and now seeing his horse give ground, he brought up the infantry against the enemy, and changing his scarf and his arms with Megacles, one of his friends, and obscuring himself, as it were, in his, charged upon the Romans, who received and engaged him, and a great while the success of the battle remained undetermined; and it is said there were seven turns of fortune both of pursuing and being pursued. And the change of his arms was very opportune for the safety of his person, but had like to have overthrown his cause and lost him the victory; for several falling upon Megacles, the first that gave him his mortal wound was one Dexous, who, snatching away his helmet and his robe, rode at once to Laevinus, holding them up, and saying aloud he had killed Pyrrhus. These spoils being carried about and shown among the ranks, the Romans were transported with joy, and shouted aloud; while equal discouragement and terror prevailed among the Greeks, until Pyrrhus, understanding what had happened, rode about the army with his face bare, stretching out his hand to his soldiers, and telling them aloud it was he. At last, the elephants more particularly began to distress the Romans, whose horses, before they came near, nor enduring them, went back with their riders; and upon this, he commanded the Thessalian cavalry to charge them in their disorder, and routed them with great loss. Dionysius affirms near fifteen thousand of the Romans fell; Hieronymus, no more than seven thousand. On Pyrrhus's side, the same Dionysius makes thirteen thousand slain, the other under four thousand; but they were the flower of his men, and amongst them his particular friends as well as officers whom he most trusted and made use of. However, he possessed himself of the Romans' camp which they deserted, and gained over several confederate cities, and wasted the country round about, and advanced so far that he was within about thirty-seven miles of Rome itself. After the fight many of the Lucanians and Samnites came in and joined him, whom he chid for their delay, but yet he was evidently well pleased and raised in his thoughts, that he had defeated so great an army of the Romans with the assistance of the Tarentines alone.
But they, hastening to anticipate the coming up of the same forces which he had determined to wait for, attempted the passage with their infantry, where it was fordable, and with the horse in several places, so that the Greeks, fearing to be surrounded, were obliged to retreat, and Pyrrhus, perceiving this, and being much surprised, bade his foot officers draw their men up in line of battle, and continue in arms, while he himself with three thousand horse advanced, hoping to attack the Romans as they were coming over, scattered and disordered.
Post by leandros nikon on Nov 4, 2007 11:02:51 GMT -5
Αnd now the Albanian version of the previous post,as it was posted in wikipedia...
Admire one more attempt of falsification of Greek history...They have replaced the word Greeks by the term "epirote-illyrians"...some alb "historian" has edited this wiki article as it seems...compare it with the original text that is given to you in the previous post...
The phalanxes made seven attacks, but failed to peirce the legion. It had met a foe that was stronger than it had ever encountered. The Romans made seven attacks, yet it could not break the illyrian-epirot phalanx. The battle hung in the air. At one point, the battle became so pitched that Pyrrhus -- realizing that if he were to fall in combat, his soldiers would lose heart and reason -- switched armor with one of his bodygaurds. The same bodyguard did end up dying in arms, and the illyrian-epirots mistakenly thought that their king had fell. With a great sigh of demorilization the illyrian-epirots began to waver severely, and the Romans gave a thunderous cheer at the turn of events. Grasping the magnitude of the situation, Pyyrhus rode forward, bare-faced, along the lines of his men to show he was among the living. The illyrian-epirots strengthened their resolve, and the battle raged on
From the Abolition of the Monarchy in Rome to the Union of Italy
He has been compared to Alexander of Macedonia; and certainly the idea of founding a Hellenic empire of the west--which would have had as its core Epirus, Magna Graecia, and Sicily, would have commanded both the Italian seas, and would have reduced Rome and Carthage to the rank of barbarian peoples bordering on the Hellenistic state-system,like the Celts and the Indians--was analogous in greatness and boldness to the idea which led the Macedonian king over the Hellespont.
In his ÅËËÁÄÏÓ ÐÅÑÉÇÃÇÓÉÓ he mentions Pyrrhos as the first person from Greece beyond the Ionian sea to have to have marched against the Romans : Ïõôù Ðõññïò åóôéí ï ðñùôïò åê ôçò ÅëëÜäïò ôçò ðåñáí Éïíéïõ äéáâáò åðé Ñùìáéïõò. Attika, I,12,1.
Description of Greece, Book I: Attica
outw pyrrhus estin o prwtos ek ths ellados ths peran ioniou diavas epi rwmaious
[1.12.1] So Pyrrhus was the first to cross the Ionian Sea from Greece to attack the Romans.1
In his self-conceit, although the Carthaginians, being Phoenicians of Tyre by ancient descent, were more experienced sea men than any other non-Greek people of that day, Pyrrhus was nevertheless encouraged to meet them in a naval battle, employing the Epeirots, the majority of whom, even after the capture of Troy, knew no thing of the sea nor even as yet how to use salt.
Pyrrhus the Molossian hung these shields[1.13.3] taken from the bold Gauls as a gift to Itonian Athena, when he had destroyed all the host of Antigonus. 'Tis no great marvel. The Aeacidae are warriors now, even as they were of old.
XII. Pyrrhus afterwards, having united to him the Samnites, the Lucanians, and the Bruttii, proceeded towards Rome. He laid all waste with fire and sword, depopulated Campania, and advanced to Praeneste, eighteen miles from Rome. Soon after, through fear of an army which was pursuing him with a consul at its head, he fell back upon Campania. Ambassadors, who were sent to treat with Pyrrhus respecting the ransom of the captives, were honourably entertained by him; and he sent the captives back to Rome without payment. Fabricius, one of the Roman ambassadors, he admired so much, that, finding he was poor, he endeavoured to draw him over to his side with the promise of a fourth part of his kingdom, but he was repulsed with disdain by Fabricius. Pyrrhus, therefore, being struck with admiration at the character of the Romans, sent an eminent man. Cineas by name, as ambassador, to ask |463 for peace on reasonable terms, provided that he might retain possession of that part of Italy, of which he had already become master in the war.
XIII. Such terms of peace were not satisfactory, and an answer was returned by the senate to Pyrrhus, that "he could have no peace with the Romans, unless he retired from Italy." The Romans then ordered that all the prisoners whom Pyrrhus had sent back should be considered infamous 11 because they had suffered themselves to be taken with arms in their hands; and not to be restored to their former rank, until they had each produced the spoils of two slain enemies. Thus the ambassador of Pyrrhus returned; and, when Pyrrhus asked him "what kind of a place he had found Rome to be," Cineas replied, that "he had seen a country of kings, for that all there were such, as Pyrrhus alone was thought to be in Epirus and the rest of Greece."
Theopompus knew fourteen Epirote tribes, speakers of a strong west-Greek dialect, of which the Chaones held the plain of Buthrotum, the Thesproti the plain of Acheron, and the Molossi the plain of Dodona, which forms the highland centre of Epirus with an outlet southwards to Ambracia. A strong Molossian state, which included some Thesprotian tribes, existed in the reign of Neoptolemos c.370-368 (”Arx.Ef”.1956, 1ff). The unification of Epirus in a symmachy led by the Molossian king was finally achieved by Alexander, brother-in-law of Philip II of Macedon. His conquests in southern Italy and his alliance with Rome showed the potentialities of the Epirote Confederacy, but he was killed in 330 BC.
Dynastic troubles weakened the Molossian state, until Pyrrhus removed his fellow king and embarked on his adventurous career.he most lasting of his achievements were the conquest of southern Illyria, the development of Ambracia as his capital, and the building of fortifications and theaters, especially the large one at Dodona.
His successors suffered from wars with Aetolia, Macedon, and Illyria, until in c.232 BC the Molossian monarchy fell.
An Epirote League with a federal citizenship was then created, and the meetings of its council were held probably by rotation at Dodona or Passaron in Molossis, at Gitana in Thesprotis, and at Phoenice in Chaonia.It was soon involved in the wars between Rome and Macedon, and it split apart when the Molossian state alone supported Macedon and was sackedby the Romans in 167 BC, when 150,000 captives were deported. Central Epirus never recovered; but northern Epirus prospered during the late republic, and Augustus celebrated his victory at Actium by founding a Roman colony at Nicopolis. Under the empire a coastal road and a road through the interior were built from north to south, and Buthrotum was a Roman colony.Ancient remains testify to the great prosperity of Epirus in Hellenistic times
The Historical Position Of Pyrrhus Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, was himself simply a military adventurer. He was none the less a soldier of fortune that he traced back his pedigree to Aeacus and Achilles
He has been compared to Alexander of Macedonia; and certainly the idea of founding a Hellenic empire of the west -- which would have had as its core Epirus, Magna Graecia, and Sicily, would have commanded both the Italian seas, and would have reduced Rome and Carthage to the rank of barbarian peoples bordering on the Hellenistic state
he was the first Greek that met the Romans in battle. With him began those direct relations between Rome and Hellas, on which the whole subsequent development of ancient, and an essential part of modern, civilization are based.
this struggle between Rome and Hellenism was first fought out in the battles between Pyrrhus and the Roman generals;
But while the Greeks were beaten in the battlefield as well as in the senate-hall, their superiority was none the less decided on every other field of rivalry than that of politics; and these very struggles already betokened that the victory of Rome over the Hellenes would be different from her victories over Gauls and Phoenicians, and that the charm of Aphrodite only begins to work when the lance is broken and the helmet and shield are laid aside.
king of Hellenistic Epirus whose costly military successes against Macedonia and Rome gave rise to the phrase “Pyrrhic victory.” His Memoirs and books on the art of war were quoted and praised by many ancient authors, including Cicero.
Etymology of the 70 most important ancient Epirotan names.They are ALL Greek.
1. ALEXANDROS m Ancient Greek (ALEXANDER Latinized) Pronounced: al-eg-ZAN-dur From the Greek name Alexandros, which meant ‘defending men’ from Greek alexein ‘to defend, protect, help’ and aner ‘man’ (genitive andros). Alexander the Great, King of Macedon, is the most famous bearer of this name. The name was found also in Epirus, Thessaly, Corinth.
2. PYRRHOS m Ancient Greek (PYRRHUS Latinized) Most famous bearers of this name are the Son of Achilles and Dieidameia and also Pyrrhos the Epirotan king, one of the best tacticians in ancient world. The name derives from the greek adj. Pyrrhos (= blond).
3. ALKETAS m Ancient Greek (ALCAEUS Latinized) Pronounced: al-SEE-us Derived from Greek Áëêç meaning ‘strength’. This was the name of a 7th-century BC lyric poet from the island of Lesbos.
4. ARRYBAS m Ancient Greek King of the Molossians. He was uncle of Olympias and Alexander of Epirus. It derives from the greek verb ñýïìáé (= protect) + âáßíù (= go). Its full meaning is "go to protect".
5. ALKON m Ancient Greek Possibly a king of Molossians. His name exists in the list of the "best of Greeks" attended to the court of the tyrant Cleisthenes of Sicyon in order to contest about his daughter's hand. His name derives from ¢ëêç (=strenght)
6. NEOPTOLEMOS m Ancient Greek Son of Achilles. Also the same name bore kings of Molossia. Means ‘new war’, derived from Greek neos ‘new’ and polemos ‘war’.
7. ADMETOS m Ancient Greek It was the name of the Molossian king at the time Themistocles fled to the court of Molossians. Derives from the word a+damaw(damazw) and mean tameless,obstreperous.Damazw mean chasten, prevail
8. AEACIDES m Ancient Greek King of Epirus, father of Pyrrhos. His name means the descedant of Aeacos.
9. POLYXENA f ancient Greek The original name of Olympias, mother of Alexander the great, as a child. (W. Heckel) It derives from the greek adj. Ðïëýîåíïò (= very hospitable).
10. OLYMPIAS f Ancient Greek Mother of Alexander the Great. She took this name after her husband's success in Olympic games. It means "the one related with Olympus/Olympics"
11. ANDROCLES m Ancient Greek One of the two Molossians who saved the infant Pyrrhos. It derives from the greek noun "áíÞñ" (= man (genitive andros)) + Kleos (glory).
12. ARISTOMACHOS m Ancient Greek Aristomachos was from Omfalos. His name was found in a inscription of Dodona in 343-331a. (SGDI II 1334 — Cabanes, L'Épire (1976) 540,4) Derived from the Greek adj aristos (=best) + Mache (=war). Its full meaning is "best on war".
13. MENEDAMOS m Ancient Greek Menedamos was from Omfalos.His name was found in a inscription of Dodona in 343-331a. (SGDI II 1334 — Cabanes, L'Épire (1976) 540,4). His name derives from from Greek meno (=to last, to withstand) + damos (doric of demos "people" ) Its full meaning is "the one who withstands people"
14. AMYNANDROS m Ancient Greek Amynandros was son of Eryxis. His name was found on Molossian decrees. It derives from the greek verb áìýíù (=defend) + aner (=‘man’ (genitive andros)). Its full meaning is " to defend men"
15. DOKIMOS m Ancient Greek Çå was son of Eryxis ánd brother of Amynandros. His name was found on Molossian decrees. It derives from greek adj. Äüêéìïò (=superb)
16. TROAS f ancient Greek Sister of Olympias and wife of her uncle Arrybas. Her name means "The one from Troy". According to the legend the Molossian royal house had an ancestry also from Troy.
17. AGATHON M Ancient Greek Agathon was son of Echephylos. His name is found on the Molossian decrees. His name derives from greek noun "áãáèÜ"(=wealth) meaning the "one who has wealth".
18. BEROE f Ancient Greek Daughter of king Arrybas and wife of the Illyrian king Glaukos. She brought up Pyrrhos when he was a child. Her name derives from the greek verb "öÝñù" (=bring ie in north-west greek dialect f becomes b)
19. MEGAS m Ancient Greek Megas was an Epirotan, son of Sinon. His name was found on the Molossian decrees. His name derives from the greek adj "ìÝãáò" (=great).
20. PHILOXENOS m Ancient Greek He was an Epirotan from Dodone. His name was found on the Molossian decrees. Meaning ‘friend of strangers’ derived from Greek philos meaning friend and xenos meaning ‘stranger, foreigner’.
21. KLEOMACHOS m Ancient Greek Kleomachos was an Atintanian. His name was found on the molossian decrees. It derives from Greek kleos (=glory) + Mache (=war)
22. EUALKOS m Ancient Greek He was a Molossian. His name was found on c. 232-168a. ( Epigrafia romana in area Adriatica (1998 ) 29, 1 ) It derives from greek adj ÅõáëêÞò (=strong, powerful)
23. LYKIDAS m Ancient Greek He was a chaonian. His name was found on c. 232-168a. ( Epigrafia romana in area Adriatica (1998 ) 29, 1). It derives from Ëýêç (=bright) + the greek ending -das. It means "the bright".
24. AISCHRION m Ancient Greek His name was found in an inscription of Dodona (c. 300a. — JHS 74 (1954 ) 56-58 ) It derives from the greek adj. Áéó÷ñüò (=shameful). + greek ending -ion. it means the descedant of Aischros.
25. Hellinos m Ancient Greek A Chaonian, father of Lykidas and His name was found on c. 232-168a. ( Epigrafia romana in area Adriatica (1998 ) 29, 1). His name derives from Hellene (=Greek).
26. AGISANDROS m Ancient Greek Son of Lamiskos from Bouthrotion, (Epeiros — Bouthrotos (Butrint) — c. 232-168a. — Epigrafia romana in area Adriatica (199 29, 1 ) His name derives from the greek verb ¢ãù (=lead) + Áíäñüò (= men, dotic of aner). Its full meaning is "the one who leads men".
27. APOLLODOROS m Ancient Greek Means ‘gift of Apollo’ from the name of the god Apollo combined with Greek doron ‘gift’. The patronymic of an epirotan found on Bouthrotos (Epeiros — Bouthrotos (Butrint) — c. 232-168a. — Epigrafia romana in area Adriatica (1998 ) 29, 1)
28.NIKANOR m ancient Greek It means "victor" - from Nike meaning "victory". Nicanor was a common name in Epirus as it was found on many inscriptions.( Epigr. tou Oropou 136 c. 240-180a )
29. ARCHEDAMOS m ancient Greek Arcedamos was an epirotan from Bouthrotos. (Bouthrotos (Butrint) — c. 232-168a. — Epigrafia romana in area Adriatica (1998 ) 29, 1 ) His name derive from greek verb ¢ñ÷ù (=head or be in command) + Äáìüò (= people, doric of demos).
30.ANTIGONE f ancient Greek Usage: Greek Mythology Pronounced: an-TIG-o-nee Means ‘against birth’ from Greek anti ‘against’ and gone ‘birth’. In Greek legend Antigone was the daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta. She was the name of a Molossian woman. (IG II² 9972 Attica )
31. HEKATAIOS m Ancient Greek He was a Molossian. (Amyzon 59 Fragment of list of stephanephoroi, including [Chion]is Chionidos, on block of white marble; II2/I; found at Amyzon: Robert, Amyzon no. 52 (PH); BE 1984:429. ) It means the "one who belongs to the goddess Hecate)
32. KALLIPHON m Ancient Greek Kalliphon was a Molossian and his name was found in an inscription. (Magnesia 49 Decree of boule and demos of Paros accepting invitation of Magnesia Mai. to Leukophryena) It derives from Kallos (=beauty) + öùíÞ (=voice). It means the "one who has beautiful voice"
33. LEON m Ancient Greek Á Molossian. His name was found in an inscription (Olymos 57 Caria). It derives from 'Leon' = 'lion'
34. ARTEMIDOROS m Ancient Greek He was a Molossian. (Aphrodisias 32 Caria)His name derives from the name Artemis and äþñï (=gift). Its full meaning is "gift from Artemis".
35. DIODOROS m Ancient Greek He was a Molossian. (Aphrodisias 306 Caria) His name derives from the name Äéáò and äþñï (=gift). Its full meaning is "gift from Dias/Zeus".
36. ANTIPATROS m Ancient Greek (ANTIPATER Latinized) Pronounced: an-TI-pa-tur From the Greek name Antipatros, which meant ‘like the father’ from Greek anti ‘like’ and pater ‘father’. This was the name of an Epirote found in an inscription. (ID 298 Delos — 240 a)
37. ASKLÁPIOS m Ancient Greek He was a Chaonian and son of Andronikos (Bouthrotos (Butrint) — c. 220-170/160a.) His name is taken from the god Asklepios.
38. ARISTOKLEIA f ancient Greek She was daughter of Aristoteles. (IG II² 8532 attica ) Derived from the Greek elements aristos ‘best’ and kleos ‘glory’.
39. ARISTOTELES m Ancient Greek (ARISTOTLE Latinized) Pronounced: AR-is-taw-tul From the Greek name Aristoteles which meant ‘the best purpose’, derived from aristos ‘best’ and telos ‘purpose, aim’. This was the name also of an important Greek philosopher who made contributions to logic, metaphysics, ethics and biology among many other fields.
40. KALLIAS m Ancient Greek An Epirotan.(IG II² 8546 Attica) His name derives from the greek adj. Kallias (=peaceful)
41. PHILIPPOS m Ancient Greek (PHILIP Latinized) Pronounced: FIL-ip From the Greek name Philippos which means ‘friend of horses’, composed of the elements philos ‘friend’ and hippos ‘horse’. The name was borne by five kings of Macedon, including Philip II the father of Alexander the Great and also by Thessalians and Epirotans (IG XI,4 635 Delos — med III a)
42. BERENIKE f Ancient Greek (BERENICE Latinized) Pronounced: ber-e-NIE-see Means ‘bringing victory’ from pherein ‘to bring’ and nike ‘victory’. This name was common among the Ptolemy ruling family of Egypt as well into Epirus and Macedonia. (Agora 17 456 Attica)
43. FILON m Ancient Greek An Epirotan. (IG XII,8 594 Thasos) His name derives from Filos (=friend)
44. ARISTOKLES m Ancient Greek A Molossian, son of Artemidoros. (Aphrodisias 32 Caria) His name derives from Ariston (=best) + Kleos (=glory).
45. STRATONIKE f Ancient Greek (STRATONICE Latinized) Means ‘victorious army’ from stratos ‘army’ and nike ‘victory’. According to W. Heckel, one of the names of Olympias.
46. GLAUKOS m Ancient Greek An Epirotan. (IG II² 8533 Attica) It derives from the greek adj. "Ãëáõêüò" (= brilliant).
47. FALAKRION m Ancient Greek He was a Thesprotian. (IG IV²,1 99,II Epidauria). It derives from the greek noun "Falakros" and has the meaning of "bald". Its full meaning is "the descendant of Falakros.
48. ANTIOCHOS m Ancient Greek An Epirotan, son of Nikanor. (I.Kourion 60 Kypros — Kourion — c. 250a.)
49. DEINON m Ancient Greek An Epirotan. (IG XI,4 635 Delos — med III a). His name derives from 'deinow' = 'to make terrible'.
50. EYTYCHIS f Ancient Greek Epirotan woman, daughter of Neoptolemos (IG II² 8535 Attica) Her namer derives from the greek noun Åõôõ÷ßá (=Happiness)
51. LEONTIS f Ancient Greek Epirotan, daughter of Nikados (IG II² 8539 Attica). It derives from Greek noun Leon (=Lion)
52. NIKADOS m Ancient Greek An epirotan. (IG II² 8539 Attica). It means "the descedant of Nikon".
53. PATROKLOS m Ancient Greek An Epirotan. (Epigr. tou Oropou 586) A Mythological name. It derives from the greek ðÜôçñ (=father) + kleos (=glory).
54. FANIAS m Ancient Greek A Molossian. (Aphrodisias 306 Caria) One of the most common Greek names, specially found in Athens.
55. RODIOS m Ancient Greek An Epirotan, son of Rodippos. (IG II² 8544 Attica). It derives from the noun ñüäç(=rose)
56. LYSIAS m Ancient Greek An Epirotan. (IG XII,Suppl 631 Euboia — Eretria — IIIa.) It derives from the greek adj. Lysios (=the one who liberates)
57. RODIPPOS m Ancient Greek An Epirotan (IG II² 8544 Attica). It derives from the It derives from the adj ñüäçò(=too handsome) + ßððïò (=horse). Its full meaning is "too beautiful horse"
58. FILOTEIA f ancient Greek An Epirotan woman. (SEG 46:791 Poteidaia-Kassandreia) Her name derives from filos (=friendly) + ending -teia. Its full meaning is "Too friendly"
59. STEPHANOS m ancient Greek An Epirotan. (IG II² 8545 attica). His name derives from greek noun óôÝöáíïò (= wreath)
60. GLAUKETAS m ancient Greek An Epirotan. (IG II² 8534 Attica) It derives from the greek adj. "Ãëáõêüò" (= brilliant) + ending -etas.
61. PARMENISKOS m ancient Greek An Epirotan, son of Alexandros (Thess. Mnemeia 232,46). It means "the little Parmenon"
62. ZOPYROS m ancient Greek A Molossian. (Olymos 54 Caria) It derives from the greek adj. Zopyros (=the one who is inflamed)
63. DAIPPOS m ancient Greek An Epirotan proxenos of the Oropos city, son of Nikanor (Epigr. tou Oropou 136 c. 240-180a) It derives from the greek adj. äÜéïò (=frightful) + úððïò (=horse). Its full meaning is "frightful horse".
64. DEINOMENES m ancient Greek A Molossian. (Lindos II 2 99a.) It derives from the greek adj. Äåéíüò (=wild) + ìÝíïò (= power).
65. ALKEMACHOS (ÁëêÞìá÷ïò) m ancient Greek An Epirotan, son of Haropos. He won in diaulon in Panhellenic games. (IG II² 2313 Attica 194/3) It derives from Alke (=strenght) + Mache (=war)
66. SAMIPPOS m ancient Greek A Molossian (Att. — Athens: Akr. — med s IV a IG II² 3827) It derives from the greek adj. Óáìüò (= tall) + ßððïò (=horse), meaning "tall horse".
67. ANTANOR m ancient Greek A Chaonian Proxenos, son of Euthumides. (FD III 4:409 Delphi 325-275 bc — SIG(3) 379) It derives from the greek preposition anti (=equal to) + Aner (=man). It means "equal to man"
68. EFTHIMIDES m ancient Greek A Chaonian proxenos. (FD III 4:409 Delphi proxenia Chaonian 325-275 bc — SIG(3) 379) It derives from the greek adj. Åýèõìïò (=cheerful) + the greek ending -ides.
69. NIKOLAOS m ancient Greek An Epirotan tragodos. (IG XI,2 108 Delos — 279 bc) It derives from íéêþ (=win) + ëáüò (=people). It means the "winner of people"
70. KALLIKRATES m ancient Greek A Molossian (Aphrodisias 24 Caria). It derives from êÜëëïò (=nice, beauty, good) + êñáôïò (=law, rule). It means the "one who has good rule".
"The temptation to regard Atintani and Atintanes as variant spellings of one name is considerable.But it becomes less so if we recall that there were illyrian amantini in pannonia and greek amantes in north epirus,illyrian autariatae in illyria and greek autariatae in epirus,illyrian dasarettii on the dalmatian coast and dassareatae between macedonia and epirus and illyrian Perrhaebi in illyria and greek Perrhaebi in northern thessaly.let us therefore resist this temptation and turn to the detailed evidence of the ancient authors."